FISHERIES MANAGEMENT USING ECOSYSTEM APPROACH IN LEMBATA DISTRICT

  • Donny Mercys Bessie Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science of Christian Artha Wacana University
  • Dwi Ariyogagautama WWF Indonesia
Keywords: Lembata, Fishery management, ecosystem approach

Abstract

 

 

The estimated potential of marine fishery resources in Indonesia is estimated by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheriesin 2011 amounted 6,520,300 tons/year. It consists of 55.9% of small pelagic fisheries, 22.3% demersal fisheries, 17.6% large pelagic fisheries, 2.2% fishery reef fish consumption, 1.5% penaeid shrimps, 0, 4%squids, and 0.1% lobsters. The large potential of marine fishery resources is spread in 11 Fisheries Management Areas (PMA) in Indonesia. Lembata district waters included in PMA 713 with potential fish consumption 341,000 tons/year. In general, fisheries management system cannot be separated from three dimensions that are not separated from one another, namely: (1) the dimension of fishery resources and their ecosystem; (2) the dimension of fishery resource utilization for the socio-economic interest of the community; and (3) the dimension of fishery policy itself. These three dimension balance is still not considered in the fisheries management nowadays, in which the utilization interest for the socio-economic welfare of the community is felt greater than the health of their ecosystem. The approach conducted is still partial. It is not integrated yet within the framework of the ecosystem dynamics as the container of the fish resources as the management target.In this context, the approach is integrated through Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management, then abbreviated as EAFM becomes very important. This study aims to assess and to evaluate the fishery management using ecosystem approach in Lembata District. The method used in this research is flag modeling method by using multi-criteria analysis approach. Then, a set of criteria is designed as the basis for the analysis of fishery management area form. It is viewed from the ecosystem approach in fisheries management through the development of composite index. The analysis resultsof decomposite index for fishery EAFM in Lembata district showed that it is on moderate status with yellow modeling flag

Published
2018-06-12